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An improved reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for sensitive and specific detection of serotype O foot-and-mouth disease virus.

J Virol Methods. 2018 Jun 28;:

Authors: Lim DR, Kim HR, Park MJ, Chae HG, Ku BK, Nah JJ, Ryoo SY, Wee SH, Park YR, Jeon HS, Kim JJ, Jeon BY, Lee HW, Yeo SG, Park CK

Abstract
A sensitive and specific swarm primer-based reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (sRT-LAMP) assay for the detection of serotype O foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) was developed and evaluated. The assay specifically amplified the VP3 gene of serotype O FMDV, but did not amplify the VP3 gene of other serotype FMDVs or any other viruses. The limit of detection of the assay was 102 TCID50/mL or 103 RNA copies/µL, which is 100 times lower than that of the RT-LAMP assay without swarm primers. The new assay is 10 times more sensitive than reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and is comparable to the sensitivity of real time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR). Evaluation of the assay using different serotypes of FMDV strains showed 100% agreement with the RT-PCR results. The previously reported serotype O FMDV-specific RT-LAMP assay did not detect 20 out of 22 strains of serotype O FMDVs, probably due to multiple mismatches between the primer and template sequences, showing that it is not suitable for detecting the serotype O FMDVs circulating in Pool 1 region countries, including Korea. In contrast, the developed sRT-LAMP assay with improved primers can rapidly and accurately diagnose serotype O FMDVs circulating in Pool 1 region countries and will be a useful alternative to RT-PCR and qRT-PCR.

PMID: 29964077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]