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An advanced loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for the rapid detection of beak and feather disease virus in psittacine birds.

J Virol Methods. 2020 Jan 07;:113819

Authors: Chae HG, Lim DR, Kim HR, Park MJ, Park CK

Abstract
Swarm primer-applied loop-mediated isothermal amplification (sLAMP) assay was developed for the rapid and specific detection of the ORF V1 gene of beak and feather disease virus (BFDV). The amplification can be completed in 40 min at 62 °C, and the results can be visually detected by the naked eye. The assay specifically amplified BFDV DNA and not amplified other viral nucleic acids. The limit of detection of the assay was 5 × 102 DNA copies/reaction, which was lower than that of the previously described LAMP (preLAMP) assay and comparable to that of a previously reported real time quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay. The detection rates of BFDV from psittacine clinical samples by the sLAMP, qPCR and preLAMP assays were 36.0%, 36.0% and 25.6%, respectively, and the sLAMP results showed 100% concordance with the qPCR results with a kappa value of 1.0. On the other hand, the preLAMP assay did not detect nine out of the 31 samples that were positive by sLAMP and qPCR assays, probably due to low sensitivity of the assay. These data suggest that the newly developed sLAMP assay will be a valuable tool for the rapid, sensitive, specific and reliable detection of BFDV in suspected psittacine birds, even in resource-limited laboratories.

PMID: 31923447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]