Roles of antibodies to influenza A virus hemagglutinin, neuraminidase, and M2e in conferring cross protection.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017 Nov 04;493(1):393-398
Authors: Kim YJ, Ko EJ, Kim MC, Lee YN, Kim KH, Jung YJ, Kang SM
Although neuraminidase (NA) is the second major viral glycoprotein of influenza virus, its immune mechanism as a vaccine target has been less considered. Here we compared the properties of antibodies and the efficacy of cross protection by N1 and N2 NA proteins, inactivated split influenza vaccines (split), and tandem repeat extracellular domain M2 on virus-like particles (M2e5x VLP). Anti-NA immune sera could confer better cross-protection against multiple heterologous influenza viruses correlating with NA inhibition activity compared to split vaccine immune sera. Whereas split vaccine was superior to NA in conferring homologous protection. NA and M2e immune sera each showed comparable survival protection. Protective efficacy by NA immune sera was lower in Fc receptor common γ-chain deficient mice but comparable in C3 complement deficient mice compared to that in wild type mice, suggesting a role of Fc receptor in NA immunity.
PMID: 28887040 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]